2011年GRE考试改革填空样题解析(2)

http://sc.sina.com.cn  2010年07月12日10:46    ETS中国代表处

  Answer:  E. Whether it has caused certain of Glass’s works to be derivative in quality

  Sample Multiple-Choice Question—Select One or More Answer Choices

  Consider each of the three choices separately and select all that apply。

  5.  The passage suggests that Glass’s work displays which of the following qualities?

  A.  A return to the use of popular music in classical compositions 

  B.  An attempt to elevate rock music to an artistic status more closely approximating that of classical music

  C.  A long-standing tendency to incorporate elements from two apparently disparate musical styles

  Answer:  A (A return to the use of popular music in classical compositions) and C (A long-standing tendency to incorporate elements from two apparently disparate musical styles)

  Sample Select-in-Passage Question

  6.  Select the sentence that distinguishes two ways of integrating rock and classical music。

  Answer:   “His music is not a version of popular music packaged to attract classical listeners; it is high art for listeners steeped in rock rather than the classics。

  Text Completion Questions

  Text Completion questions include a passage composed of one to five sentences with one to three blanks. There are three answer choices per blank, or five answer choices if there is a single blank. There is a single correct answer, consisting of one choice for each blank. The examinee receives no credit for partially correct answers。

  Sample Text Completion Questions

  Directions: For each blank select one entry from the corresponding column of choices. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text。

  Text Completion Question 1.

  It is refreshing to read a book about our planet by an author who does not allow facts to be BLANK by politics:  well aware of the political disputes about the effects of human activities on climate and biodiversity, this author does not permit them to BLANK his comprehensive description of what we know about our biosphere. He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and theBLANK, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood before we can accurately diagnose the condition of our planet。

Answer choices for question 1.
Blank 1 Blank 2 Blank 3
overshadowed enhance plausibility of our hypotheses
invalidated obscure certainty of our entitlement
illuminated underscore superficiality of our theories

  Answer: overshadowed, obscure, and superficiality of our theories

  Answer to Question 1 in Context:

  It is refreshing to read a book about our planet by an author who does not allow facts to beovershadowed by politics:  well aware of the political disputes about the effects of human activities on climate and biodiversity, this author does not permit them to obscure his comprehensive description of what we know about our biosphere. He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the superficiality of our theories,calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood before we can accurately diagnose the condition of our planet。

  Text Completion Question 2.

  Vain and prone to violence, Caravaggio could not handle success:  the more hisBLANK as an artist increased, the more

  BLANK his life became。

Answer choices for question 2.
Blank 1 Blank 2
temperance tumultuous
notoriety providential
eminence dispassionate

  Answer:  eminence and tumultuous

  Answer to Question 2 in Context:

  Vain and prone to violence, Caravaggio could not handle success:  the more his eminence as an artist increased, the moretumultuous his life became。

  Text Completion Question 3.

  The author’s BLANK style renders a fascinating subject, the role played by luck in everyday life, extraordinarily BLANK

Answer choices for question 3.
Blank 1 Blank 2
soporific pedantic
lucid tedious
colloquial opaque

  Answer:  soporific and tedious

  Answer to Question 3 in Context:

  The author’s soporific style renders a fascinating subject, the role played by luck in everyday life, extraordinarily tedious

  Text Completion Question 4.

  From the outset, the concept of freedom of the seas from the proprietary claims of nations was challenged by a contrary notion—that of the

  BLANK of the oceans for reasons of national security and profit。

  A.  promotion

  B.  exploration

  C.  surveying

  D.  conservation

  E.  appropriation

  Answer:  E. appropriation

  Answer to Question 4 in Context:

  From the outset, the concept of freedom of the seas from the proprietary claims of nations was challenged by a contrary notion—that of the appropriation of the oceans for reasons of national security and profit。

  Sentence Equivalence Questions

  Sentence Equivalence questions consist of a single sentence, one blank, and six answer choices. These questions require the examinee to select two of the answer choices. The examinee receives no credit for partially correct answers。

  Sample Sentence Equivalence Questions

   Directions: Select the two answer choices that, when used to complete the sentence, fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences that are alike in meaning。

  1.  Although it does contain some pioneering ideas, one would hardly characterize the work as BLANK

  A.  orthodox

  B.  eccentric

  C.  original

  D.  trifling

  E.  conventional

  F.  innovative

  Answer:  C (original) and F (innovative)

  2.  The corporation expects onlyBLANK increases in sales next year despite a yearlong effort to revive its retailing business。

  A.  dynamic

  B.  predictable

  C.  expanding

  D.  modest

  E.  slight

  F.  volatile

  Answer:  D (modest) and E (slight)

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